Evidence for Histamine as a New Modulator of Carotid Body Chemoreception
It has been proposed that histamine is an excitatory transmitter between the glomus cells of the carotid body (CB) and the nerve endings of the petrosal ganglion (PG) neurons. The histamine biosynthetic pathway and the presence of histamine H1, H2 and H3 receptors have been reported in the CB. Thus, histamine meets some of the criteria to be regarded as a transmitter. However, there is no evidence that glomus cells contain histamine, or whether its application produces chemosensory excitation. Therefore, we studied its immunocytochemical localization on cat CB and its effects on chemosensory activity. Using perfused and superfused in vitro CB and PG preparations, we assessed the effects of histamine hydrochloride on chemosensory discharges and of histamine H1, H2 and H3 receptor blockers. We found the presence of histamine immunoreactivity in dense-core vesicles in glomus cells. In an in vitro CB preparation we performed pharmacological experiments to characterize histamine effects. The application of histamine hydrochloride (0.5-1,000µg) to the CB produces a dose-dependent increase in the carotid sinus nerve activity. The H1 receptor blockade with pyrilamine 500 nM produces partial decrease of the histamine-induced response, whereas the H2 receptor blockade (ranitidine 100 µM) fail to abolish the histamine excitatory effects. Antagonism of the H3 receptor results in an increase in carotid body chemosensory activity. On the other hand, application of histamine to the isolated PG had no effect on the carotid nerve discharge. Our results suggest that histamine is a modulator of the carotid body chemoreception through H1 and H3 receptor activation. © Springer Science+Business Media B. V. 2009.
|Título según WOS:||Evidence for Histamine as a New Modulator of Carotid Body Chemoreception|
|Título según SCOPUS:||Evidence for histamine as a new modulator of carotid body chemoreception|
|Título de la Revista:||Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology|
|Editorial:||Springer New York LLC|
|Fecha de publicación:||2009|
|Página de inicio:||177|