Biological interactions of selenocyanate: Bioprocessing, detection and toxicity

Burra, R; Fox, JD; Pradenas, GA; Vásquez CC; Chasteen, TG


The selenocyanate anion, SeCN -, has been reported in wastewater from refineries whose petroleum comes from Se-rich marine shales. A metalloid-resistant bacterium was exposed to aqueous solutions of SeCN - to examine the relative toxicity of SeCN -, and the results were compared with the toxicity of selenate and selenite and another G16 metalloid oxyanion, tellurite. We also determined the volatile organo-selenium species produced by bacterial cultures amended with selenocyanate anion, and we investigated a solid phase preconcentration technique for collecting SeCN - from aqueous samples with different ionic strengths and subsequent detection using capillary electrophoresis. The relative toxicity of SeCN - is comparable to that of selenate and selenite using the metalloid-resistant bacterium LHVE as the test organism. Tellurite was more toxic at all concentrations examined than all three selenium-containing anions, SeO 4 2-, SeO 3 2-, SeCN -. Live cultures of LHVE amended with 1 mM NaSeCN produced volatile organo-sulphides and organo-selenides that could be collected in headspace using a solid phase microextraction fibre. The bioprocessing, i.e. the reduction and methylation of SeCN -, is similar to that of selenate and selenite by other metalloid-resistant bacteria. An aqueous 1.0 mM solution of SeCN - could be captured from solution on solid-phase extraction (SPE) cartridges using an aminopropyl-based stationary phase. Selenocyanate anions, slowly pumped into a wetted SPE cartridge, were trapped on the cartridge's solid phase and were subsequently eluted, thereby providing an increase in concentration above that of the original SeCN - containing solution. Preconcentration factors of 3.9 were achieved using a mixed sodium hydroxide/methanol elution solvent and by adding NaCl to aqueous SeCN- before loading on the SPE cartridge. © 2009 Taylor & Francis.

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Título según WOS: Biological interactions of selenocyanate: Bioprocessing, detection and toxicity
Título según SCOPUS: Biological interactions of selenocyanate: Bioprocessing, detection and toxicity
Volumen: 30
Número: 12
Fecha de publicación: 2009
Página de inicio: 1327
Página final: 1335
Idioma: English