Development of grapevine somatic embryogenesis using an air-lift bioreactor as an efficient tool in the generation of transgenic plants
The grapevine genetic transformation programs have relayed on the use of solid media-based somatic embryogenesis. To reach a high throughput of candidate gene evaluation in 'Thompson Seedless', a semi-automatic system allowing viable transformation of explants was designed. An intermediate procedure using liquid media and agitated flasks was first characterized, leading to reduction in the biomass duplication time of pro-embryogenic (PE) cells from 30 d in dishes to 14 d. The oxygen transfer coefficient value in this system was 213 h-1 at 120 rpm and 25 °C with a 16/8-h (light/darkness) photoperiod. The scaling-up to the air-lift bioreactor decreased the biomass duplication time of PE cells up to 5.3 d post-inoculation (pi) and an average volumetric productivity of 1.6 g/(d × L). Although slight browning was seen in the explants during the phase of 8-14 d pi, no losses in their viability and regenerative capability were observed. Cultured cells showed normal elongation in the transition from heart- to the torpedo-shape and finally to advanced developmental stages, with radicle emergence and whole plant generation. Agrobacterium-mediated transformation of cells was efficiently incorporated after this multiplication process by use of conventional procedures in dishes, allowing the generation of transgenic plantlets confirmed by PCR. © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
|Título según WOS:||Development of grapevine somatic embryogenesis using an air-lift bioreactor as an efficient tool in the generation of transgenic plants|
|Título según SCOPUS:||Development of grapevine somatic embryogenesis using an air-lift bioreactor as an efficient tool in the generation of transgenic plants|
|Título de la Revista:||JOURNAL OF BIOTECHNOLOGY|
|Editorial:||ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV|
|Fecha de publicación:||2009|
|Página de inicio:||95|