Infection by Bartonella henselae in immunocompetent patients: Cat scratch disease Infección por Bartonella henselae en pacientes inmunocompetentes: Enfermedad por arañazo de gato

Abarca V K.; Vial C. P.A.; Rivera M.M.; García B. C.; Oddó B. D.; Prado D. P.; Ferrés G M

Keywords: system, disease, bacterial, humans, diseases, human, male, cat, conjunctivitis, female, article, child, immunology, adolescent, henselae, immunocompetence, case, report, Lymphatic, Bartonella, scratch, Cat-Scratch, Conjunctivitis,


Background: Cat scratch disease, whose etiologic agent is Bartonella henselae, is a benign disease in immunocompetent subjects, characterized by lymphadenopathy of prolonged course and occasional involvement of other organs such as liver, spleen, central nervous system, eye and lung. In immunocompromised patients, the infection is bacteremic and disseminated. Aim: To report Chilean cases of cat scratch disease . Patients and methods: Ten children (seven male, aged between 6 and 13 years old) with historically or serologically confirmed cat scratch disease are reported. Results: Lymphadenopathy location was pre auricular in four cases, axillary in two, inguinal in two and epitrochlear in two. Three children had fever over 39°C and two had a Parinand syndrome. Nine children had a history of cat scratch and one of a cat byte. Six had an erythrocyte sedimentation rate over 40. Lymph node ultrasound examination was a useful diagnostic tool. Two patients had splenic granulomas. Lymph node biopsies were obtained in four cases, showing a suppurative granulomatous lymphadenitis in all and a positive Warthin-Starry stain in two. Serology, done in patients without histological confirmation was positive with titles ranging from 1:64 to 1:8192. All patients had a satisfactory outcome with regression of lymphadenopathy. Conclusions: Infections by Bartonella hemselae occur in the Chilean population and must be considered in the differential diagnosis of regional lymph node enlargement.

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Título de la Revista: REVISTA MEDICA DE CHILE
Volumen: 124
Número: 11
Editorial: Sociedad Médica de Santiago
Fecha de publicación: 1996
Página de inicio: 1341
Página final: 1349