Man

Guillermo Baltazar Chong Díaz

Professor, researcher

UNIVERSIDAD CATÓLICA DEL NORTE DPTO. CS. GEOLÓGICAS

Antofagasta, Chile

Líneas de Investigación


Geologia Economica, Geologia Regional, Paleontoleologia, microbiología en ambientes desérticos; Industrial Minerals; Geomicrobiology; Ore deposits; Ecologia Microbiana; Ciclo del arsénico

Educación

  •  Geologist, TECHNISCHE UNIVERSITAT BERLIN. Alemania, 1984
  •  Geologist, UNIVERSIDAD DE CHILE. Chile, 1973

Experiencia Académica

  •   Profesor Titular del Departamento de Ciencias Geológicas 44 horas semanales

    Universidad Católica del Norte

    Antofagasta, Chile

    Sin Información - Sin Información

  •   General Director of Research and Technical Assistance Other

    UNIVERSIDAD CATOLICA DEL NORTE

    Faculty Ingeniería Ciencias Geológicas

    Antofagasta, Chile

    1994 - 1996

  •   Executive Director Other

    Ruinas de Huanchaca Foundation

    Faculty Ingeniería Ciencias Geológicas

    Antofagasta, Chile

    2010 - 2012

  •   Director Other

    Museo Desierto de Atacama

    Faculty Ingeniería Ciencias Geológicas

    Antofagasta, Chile

    2009 - 2010

  •   Director Part Time

    UNIVERSIDAD CATOLICA DEL NORTE

    Geological museum Profesor Humberto Fuenzalida Villegas

    Antofagasta, Chile

    1972 - A la fecha

  •   Executive Director Part Time

    UNIVERSIDAD CATOLICA DEL NORTE

    Center for Scientific and Technological Research for Mining (CICITEM) (Regional Mining Center)

    Antofagasta, Chile

    2005 - 2009

  •   Director Part Time

    UNIVERSIDAD CATOLICA DEL NORTE

    Department of Engineering and Geological Sciences

    Antofagasta, Chile

    2004 - 2007

  •   Scientific advisor Other

    COMISION NACIONAL DE INVESTIGACION CIENTIFICA Y TECNOLOGICA

    PAR –Explora CONICYT

    Antofagasta, Chile

    2019 - A la fecha

  •   Scientific advisor Part Time

    International & national reviewer; editor or member of scientific publications; participation in CONICYT activities (i.e, FONDECYT coordinator of the Group of Ciencias de la Tierra; divulgation scientific activities (EXPLORA books), abroad conferences, e

    Antofagasta, Chile

    1980 - A la fecha

Experiencia Profesional

  •   Adviser Part Time

    Mineral Foote Company.

    Antofagasta, Chile

    1972 - 1972

  •   Adviser. Preparation of regional maps in the Atacama region.. Part Time

    Compañía Sierra Morena, Subsidiaria de Phelps Dogde

    Chile

    1977 - 1978

  •   Adviser. Specific geological works. Part Time

    Consolidated Goldfields Latin América. Chile.

    Chile

    1980 - 1985

  •   Adviser. Consultancy work in Regional Geology in the North of Chile. Part Time

    Utah Minera de Chile - Getty Oil.

    Chile

    1980 - 1980

  •   Adviser. Accessory works in the definition of exploration targets in northern Chile. In these works, the undersigned defined and put in value, as important deposits, Chimborazo, Las Luces and Dominador (ex - Faride) The Chispita deposit was discovered. Part Time

    FREEPORT Chilean Exploration Company.

    Chile

    1981 - 1985

  •   Adviser. Specific geological works Part Time

    Amax de Chile Inc.

    Chile

    1985 - 1985

  •   Adviser. Geological advisor for Project CHI-535 in northern Chile. Part Time

    Specific projects of the United Nations.

    Antofagasta, Chile

    1977 - 1977

  •   Adviser. Advisor in the definition of exploration targets and deposits. In this stage the undersigned discovered the Etreus deposit, in the Second Region of Antofagasta. Part Time

    Echo Bay Mines Ltda.

    Antofagasta, Chile

    1993 - 1996

  •   Adviser Part Time

    Diagnosis of Industrial Mineral Mining in the Second Region of Antofagasta

    Antofagasta, Chile

    1996 - 1996

  •   Adviser Part Time

    Discovery of a major gold deposit in the Precordillera of the Second Region of Antofagasta.

    Antofagasta, Chile

    1996 - 1996

  •   Adviser. Creation of the Diagnosis of Mining in the First Region of Tarapacá. Part Time

    Corporación de Fomento de la Producción.

    Antofagasta, Chile

    1995 - 1995

  •   Adviser Part Time

    Adviser. Study for Business Development in Industrial Minerals

    Antofagasta, Chile

    1995 - 1995

  •   Adviser Part Time

    Discovery of a gold deposit in the Cordillera de la Costa of the Antofagasta Region (Chispita)

    Antofagasta, Chile

    1990 - 1990

  •   Adviser Part Time

    Valorization of Chimborazo copper porphyry that transforms into a large mining deposit.

    Antofagasta, Chile

    1990 - 1991

  •   Adviser Part Time

    Valorization of the copper deposits in the Las Luces sector.

    Antofagasta, Chile

    1978 - 1979

  •   Adviser Part Time

    Compañía Minera Doña Ada

    Antofagasta, Chile

    1977 - 1978

  •   Adviser Part Time

    Member of the team of geologists who discovered the lithium and potassium deposit of the Salar de Atacama, northern Chile. Later participation in the pre-feasibility project.

    Antofagasta, Chile

    1969 - 1972

Formación de Capital Humano


Teaching udergratduate activities:

Between 1974 – Present : An average of 2 yearly courses or four semester courses.

(Geology of Chile, Field Geology, Industrial Minerals, Paleontology)

1969 – 1974: Part time Professor Universidad de Antofagasta & Universidad Técnica. About 15 courses of General Geology and Petrography,

Today : Two courses. Fundamental Geologý One; Professional formation.

Teaching postgraduate activities

· 2003 – 2006: Director Magister Geología Económica del Departamento de Ciencias Geológicas de la Universidad Católica del Norte.

· 2013 : Magister in Mineral benefit processes. Perú.

· 1997 - 1998: One yearly course about Industrial Minerals. Magister de Economía Minera Mención Exploración. Universidad Católica del Norte.

· 1996: Ph D. course Universidad de Barcelona. Depósitos Salinos y Geología andina In the Alfa Program setting.

· 1994: Universidad Nacional de San Juan. Argentina. Seminar about Geología de los Andes Centrales.

· 1989: Universidad de Barcelona. Courses in the Programa sobre Procesos Evaporìticos.

· 1982: Universidad Nacional de Salta. Argentina. Course about Depósitos Salinos de los Andes.

Thesis direction
About 100 undergraduate thesis (“Memorias”) plus some 30 participation in other examinations group thesis Universidad Católica del Norte.
Codirector de Tesis:
Two Ph D thesis in Universidad de Barcelona, Spain
Five Ph.D. thesis Birmingham University, UK
Three Ph.D.thesis Liverpool UNiversity, UK
One Ph D thesis Aberdeen University, UK
Invited Professor to one Ph D thesis in Universidad de Barcelona
Codirector of field work in Chile of students from the Department of Geology of the Cambridge UNiversity (1999, 2000, 2001) and Aberdeen University (1997)
Todat tuthor Professor of two Ph D students Doctorado en Ciencias Mención Geología in the Universidad Católica del Norte.


Premios y Distinciones

  •   First Humboldt Scholar in Geological Sciences of the country

    ALEXANDER VON HUMBOLDT FOUNDATION

    Chile, 1974

    First Humboldt Scholar in Geological Sciences of the country

  •   Recognition of Scientific and Technological Disclosure in Chile

    CONSEJO NACIONAL DE CIENCIA Y TECNOLOGIA

    Chile, 1997

    Premio, a nivel nacional, otorgado por CONICYT - Explora: Reconocimiento a la Divulgación Científica y Tecnológica en Chile.

  •   Member of the Chilean Academy of Sciences

    CONSEJO NACIONAL DE CIENCIA Y TECNOLOGIA

    Chile, 2003

    Member of the Chilean Academy of Sciences

  •   Premio Nacional de Geología

    Colegio de Geólogos de Chile

    Chile, 2003

    Premio Nacional de Geología. Medalla al Mérito Profesor Juan Brüggen.

  •   Prize for the Popularization and Popularization of Science for Latin America and the Caribbean.

    Academia de Ciencias de los Países en Desarrollo de Latinoamérica y El Caribe

    Chile, 2010

    Premio a la Popularización y Divulgación de la Ciencia para Latinoamérica y El Caribe. Otorgado por la Academia de Ciencias de los Países en Desarrollo de Latinoamérica y El Caribe. Entregado en Río de Janeiro, en la Academia de Ciencias de Brasil.

  •   Bicentennial Medal Award

    ILUSTRE MUNICIPALIDAD DE ANTOFAGASTA

    Chile, 2010

    Premio Medalla Bicentenario. Otorgado por la Ciudad de Antofagasta.

  •   Honorary member

    SOCIEDAD GEOLOGICA DE CHILE

    Chile, 2006

    Miembro Honorario de la Sociedad Geológica del Chile

  •   Honorary member

    Colegio de Geólogos de Chile

    Chile, 2014

    Miembro Honorario del Colegio de Geólogos de Chile.

  •   Research Project Award

    NASA

    Chile, 2014

    Premio a proyecto de Investigación por parte de la NASA

  •   Dr. Honoris causa

    UNIVERSIDAD CATOLICA DEL NORTE

    Chile, 2014

    Dr. Honoris causa de la Universidad Católica del Norte

  •   Caballero del Ancla

    ILUSTRE MUNICIPALIDAD DE ANTOFAGASTA

    Chile, 2015

    "Caballero del Ancla" Award. Highest distinction granted by the city of Antofagasta.

  •   Hijo Ilustre de la Ciudad de Arica

    ILUSTRE MUNICIPALIDAD DE ARICA

    Chile, 2017

    Premio “Hijo Ilustre de la Ciudad de Arica”


 

Article (63)

Biosynthesis of copper nanoparticles from copper tailings ore-An approach to the 'Bionanomining'
On the origin of saline compounds in acidic salt flats (Central Andean Altiplano)
The Saline Domain of northern Chile and its industrial mineral deposits
The spatial distribution of soluble salts in the surface soil of the Atacama Desert and their relationship to hyperaridity
Subsurface Microbial Habitats in an Extreme Desert Mars-Analog Environment
A thiotrophic microbial community in an acidic brine lake in Northern Chile
Biomarkers and Metabolic Patterns in the Sediments of Evolving Glacial Lakes as a Proxy for Planetary Lake Exploration
Hydrogeology and sustainable future groundwater abstraction from the Agua Verde aquifer in the Atacama Desert, northern Chile
Molecular biomarkers in the subsurface of the Salar Grande (Atacama, Chile) evaporitic deposits
Watershed-Induced Limnological and Microbial Status in Two Oligotrophic Andean Lakes Exposed to the Same Climatic Scenario
Lithium saltworks of the Salar de Atacama: A model for MgSO4-free ancient potash deposits
Early to Middle Miocene climate in the Atacama Desert of Northern Chile
Groundwater flow in a closed basin with a saline shallow lake in a volcanic area: Laguna Tuyajto, northern Chilean Altiplano of the Andes
Oxalate formation under the hyperarid conditions of the Atacama desert as a mineral marker to provide clues to the source of organic carbon on Mars
Rates and geochemical processes of soil and salt crust formation in Salars of the Atacama Desert, Chile
Timing of wet episodes in Atacama Desert over the last 15 ka. The Groundwater Discharge Deposits (GWD) from Domeyko Range at 25°S.
Organotrophic and Mixotrofic Sulfur Oxidation in an Acidic Salt Flat in Northern Chile
Seeker-Autonomous Long-range Rover Navigation for Remote Exploration
Strigoceras septicarinatum (Jurassic Ammonoidea) in the Precordillera of North Chile: Paleobiogeographical and paleoenvironmental implications
Active erosion-deposition cycles in the hyperarid Atacama Desert of Northern Chile
Distribution of Microbial Arsenic Reduction, Oxidation and Extrusion Genes along a Wide Range of Environmental Arsenic Concentrations
Molecular preservation in halite- and perchlorate-rich hypersaline subsurface deposits in the Salar Grande basin (Atacama Desert, Chile): Implications for the search for molecular biomarkers on Mars
Zebra stripes in the Atacama Desert: Fossil evidence of overland flow
Enrichment of arsenic transforming and resistant heterotrophic bacteria from sediments of two salt lakes in Northern Chile
Geomorphologic evidence for the late Pliocene onset of hyperaridity in the Atacama Desert
The stable isotope composition of halite and sulfate of hyperarid soils and its relation to aqueous transport
A metriorhynchid crocodyliform braincase from northern Chile
A Microbial Oasis in the Hypersaline Atacama Subsurface Discovered by a Life Detector Chip: Implications for the Search for Life on Mars
Archaeal diversity along a subterranean salt core from the Salar Grande (Chile)
Dimorphinites (Ammonoidea, Jurassic, upper Bajocian) in the Precordillera of northern Chile
The sensitivity of hillslope bedrock erosion to precipitation
Climatic and geomorphic interactions on alluvial fans in the Atacama Desert, Chile
Prokaryotic diversity pattern in high-altitude ecosystems of the Chilean Altiplano
Multiphase development of the Atacama Planation Surface recorded by cosmogenic He-3 exposure ages: Implications for uplift and Cenozoic climate change in western South America
The High-Lakes Project
Application of pulsed-excitation fluorescence imager for daylight detection of sparse life in tests in the Atacama Desert
Novelty and spatio-temporal heterogeneity in the bacterial diversity of hypersaline Lake Tebenquiche (Salar de Atacama)
On developing thermal cave detection techniques for earth, the moon and mars
The role of inherited tectono-sedimentary architecture in the development of the central Andean mountain belt: Insights from the Cordillera de Domeyko
Un nuevo espécimen de cocodrilo marino del Jurásico Medio del norte de Chile: revalidación de Metriorhynchus westermanni (Crocodyliformes: Metriorhynchidae)
Comparing different methods for assessing ground truth of rover data analysis for the 2005 season of the Life in the Atacama Project
Life in the Atacama: Searching for life with rovers (science overview)
Microbial precipitation of arsenic sulfides in Andean salt flats
Surface and subsurface composition of the Life in the Atacama field sites from rover data and orbital image analysis
150 million years of climatic stability: Evidence from the Atacama Desert, northern Chile
Eocene to Pleistocene lithostratigraphy, chronostratigraphy and tectono-sedimentary evolution of the Calama Basin, northern Chile
Distribution of prokaryotic genetic diversity in athalassohaline lakes of the Atacama Desert, Northern Chile
Microbial mats from the Llamará salt flat, northern Chile Tapetes microbianos del Salar de Llamará, norte de Chile
Seismic imaging of a convergent continental margin and plateau in the central Andes (Andean Continental Research Project 1996 (ANCORP' 96))
Tapetes microbianos del Salar de Llamará, norte de Chile
Assessment of bioavailable arsenic and copper in soils and sediments from the Antofagasta region of northern Chile
Late Pliocene age for the Atacama Desert: Implications for the desertification of western South America
A possible Plio-Pleistocene tsunami deposit, Hornitos, northern Chile
Neogene evaporites in desert volcanic environments: Atacama Desert, northern Chile
Nomad Rover Field Experiment, Atacama Desert, Chile 1. Science results overview
Nomad Rover Field Experiment, Atacama Desert, Chile 2. Identification of paleolife evidence using a robotic vehicle: Lessons and recommendations for a Mars sample return mission
Development of a continental forearc: A Cenozoic example from the Central Andes, northern Chile
Los yacimientos de boratos de Chile
Solute inputs in the Salar de Atacama (N. Chile)
The borate deposits in Chile.
The Jurassic Thalattosuchia (Crocodyliformes) of Chile: a paleobiogeographic approach
Características geoquímicas y pautas de evolución de las salmueras superficiales del Salar de Llamara, Chile
Mineralogía y evolución de las salmueras madres en el yacimiento de nitratos Pedro de Valdivia, Antofagasta, Chile

Abstract (1)

The climatic and biotic thresholds on soil elemental cycling along an and to hyperarid rainfall gradient

Anexo (1)

RODOLFO CASAMIQUELA G. (1932-2008)

BookWhole (1)

Dynamics of declining lake habitat in changing climate

ConferencePaper (8)

INITIAL INVESTIGATIONS OF ENDOEVAPORITIC GYPSUM HABITATS OF SALAR DE PAJONALES, CHILE.
Robotic Investigation of Subsurface Life in the Atacama Desert, Characteristics and Distribution of Life from the Coast to the Altiplano
The Salar Grande Hyperarid Salts of the Atacama Desert (Chile), an Analog of the Mars Chloride-Bearing Deposits in Terra Sirenum.
Fernandez-Lopez, S. R., & Chong-Diaz, G. B. (2014). Latest Bajocian Bio-Events of Ammonite Immigration and Colonization in the Tarapaca Basin (Northern Chile): Palaeoenvironmental Implications for Sequence Stratigraphy
Ferrero, M. A., Lara, J. A., Escudero, L., Chong, G., & Demergasso, C. (2014, April). Global genomic expression of active bacteria populations that transform arsenic in sediments of Salar de Ascotán, Chile
Global genomic expression of active bacteria populations that transform arsenic in sediments of Salar de Ascotán, Chile
GEOCHEMISTRY AND MICROBIOLOGY IN AN ACIDIC, HIGH ALTITUDE (4,000 m) SALT FLAT. HIGH ANDES, NORTHERN CHILE
New results on the alleged occurrence of Strenoceras (Upper Bajocian garantianin stephanoceratid Ammonoidea) in the northern Chilean Precordillera.

Proyecto (22)

Edición del libro “Los yacimientos de Nitrato y Yodo del Norte de Chile
Museo y Puesta en Valor para la Postulación como Patrimonio de la Humanidad de los Geoglifos de Pintados
Creación de un mapa de la Microbiodiversidad en el Norte de Chile
Changing Planetary Environment and the Fingerprints of Life
Microbial diversity at the limits of life in the nitrate deposits in Northern Chile,
Exploration and Assessment of New Groundwater Resources in the Central Depression of Antofagasta Region
Planetary Lake Lander
Robotic Investigation of Subsurface Life in the Atacama Desert
MICROBIAL TRANSFORMATIONS OF ARSENIC IN SALINE ENVIRONMENTS IN NORTHERN CHILE
microbial transformations of arsenic in saline environments in northern chile
Palaeographic meaning and palaeoclimatic evolution of the continental sedimentary basins of northern Chile. An geologic/geomicrobial approach to the understanding of the basins of arid environments
SIGNIFICADO PALEOGEOGRAFICO Y EVOLUCION PALEOCLIMATICA DE LAS CUENCAS SEDIMENTARIAS CONTINENTALES DEL NORTE DE CHILE. UNA APROXIMACION GEOLOGICA/GEOMICROBIOLOGICA A LA COMPRENSION DE LA EVOLUCION DE CUENCAS DE AMBIENTES ARIDOS/H
Limits of Life in the Atacama. Long-Duration Robotic Investigation of Habitats and Evidence of Life in the Atacama Desert of Chile.
Comparison of diversity of the microbial communities inhabiting Salt flats located in different geological frames in north of Chile by DGGE technique
VALORACION GEOLOGICA, MINERA Y ECONOMICA DE MINERALES INDUSTRIALES (NO METALICOS) DE LA MACROREGION NORTE DE CHILE
MODELIZACION GEOQUIMICA DE SALMUERAS NATURALES. OBTENCION DE CORRELACIONES TERMODINAMICAS A PARTIR DE PROCESOS DE EVAPORACION. APLICACION A PROCESOS DE BENEFICIOS
Caracterización Geológica de los Yacimientos de Nitratos ("Salitre") y Sales Asociadas de Chile. Aplicación a Procesos Mineros y de Beneficio.
DEFINICION GEOLOGICA DE MODELOS DE YACIMIENTOS DE NITRATOS (SALITRE) Y SUS SALES ASOCIADAS. SU APLICACION EN PROCESOS DE EXTRACCION Y BENEFICIO.
CARACTERIZACION GEOLOGICA QUIMICA Y MINERALOGICA DE SALARES CHILENOS TIPOS Y SU CONSECUENTE - IMPORTANCIA ECONOMICA.
Caracterización Geológica, Química y Geoquímica de Salares Tipo de los Andes de Chile
Scientific Adviser to the Project PAR –Explora CONICYT.
Valoración Geológica de Minerales Industriales (No Metálicos) de la Macroregión Norte de Chile.

Review (1)

Colluvial sedimentation in a hyperarid setting (Atacama Desert, northern Chile): Geomorphic controls and stratigraphic facies variability
86
Guillermo Chong

Professor, researcher

Geological sciences

UNIVERSIDAD CATÓLICA DEL NORTE DPTO. CS. GEOLÓGICAS

Antofagasta, Chile

21
Cecilia Demergasso

Directora

Centro de Biotecnología "Profesor Alberto Ruiz"

UNIVERSIDAD CATÓLICA DEL NORTE

Antofagasta, Chile

14
Lorena Escudero

Investigador

Medio ambiente

CICITEM

Antofagasta, Chile

4
Alex Echeverría

Académico Adjunto

Centro de Investigación en Estudios Avanzados del Maule (CIEAM)

Universidad Católica del Maule

Talca, Chile

4
Christian Herrera

Director

Facultad de Ingeniería, Ciencia y Tecnología

Universidad Bernardo O'Higgins

Santiago, Chile

3
Pedro Galleguillos

Investigador Titular

Minería

CICITEM

Antofagasta, Chile

3
Pedro Galleguillos

Investigador

Centro de Investigación Científico y Tecnológico para la Minería

Antofagasta, Chile

2
José Luque

Académico - Investigador Hidrogeólogo

Departamento de Ciencias Geológicas

UNIVERSIDAD CATÓLICA DEL NORTE

Antofagasta, Chile

2
Javier Urrutia

Académico e investigador

Centro de Investigación y Desarrollo de Ecosistemas Hídricos

Universidad Bernardo O'Higgins

Santiago, Chile

2
Jenny Blamey

Director Científico

Research and Development

FUNDACIÓN CIENTÍFICA Y CULTURAL BIOCIENCIA

Santiago, Chile

2
Cristina Dorador

PROFESSOR

Biotechnology

UNIVERSIDAD DE ANTOFAGASTA

ANTOFAGASTA, Chile

1
Daniela Meneses

Encargada de Laboratorio de Complejidad Microbiana y Ecología Funcional

UNIVERSIDAD DE ANTOFAGASTA

Antofagasta, Chile

1
MARCO PFEIFFER

FACULTY

INGENIERIA Y SUELOS

UNIVERSIDAD DE CHILE

SANTIAGO, Chile

1
Rodrigo Riquelme

Associate Professor

Geological Sciences Department

UNIVERSIDAD CATÓLICA DEL NORTE

Antofagasta, Chile

1
Karem Gallardo

Investigadora postdoctoral

Universidad Católica del Norte

Antofagasta, Chile

1
Nia Oetiker

PhD

UNAB

santiago, Chile

1
Carolina Gamboa

Investigadora Postdoctoral

Facultad de Ingeniería, Ciencia y Tecnología

Universidad Bernardo O'Higgins

Santiago, Chile

1
Claudia Nuñez

Investigador Postdoctoral

Departamento de Química

Universidad Católica del Norte

Antofagasta, Chile

1
Elisabeth Lictevout

Directora

Carpe Science

San Pedro de la Paz, Chile

1
Ana Mercado

Profesora Asociada

Biotecnologia

UNIVERSIDAD DE ANTOFAGASTA

Antofagasta, Chile

1
Gabriel Gonzalez

Profesor Titular

Departamento de Ciencias Geológicas

UNIVERSIDAD CATÓLICA DEL NORTE

Antofagasta, Chile

1
Pablo Salazar

ACADEMICO

CIENCIAS GEOLOGICAS

UNIVERSIDAD CATÓLICA DEL NORTE

Antofagasta, Chile

1
Javier Ordóñez

Académico

Ingeniería química y Procesos de minerales

Universidad de Antofagasta

Antofagasta, Chile