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Jorge Modesto Navarro Azócar

Profesor Titular

UNIVERSIDAD AUSTRAL DE CHILE

Valdivia, Chile

Líneas de Investigación


Respuesta fisiológica frente a condiciones fluctuantes del medio ambiente.Ecofisiología y conducta de invertebrados marinos-estuarinos frente a ambientes extremos.

Educación

  •  Ecofisiologia Marina, UNIVERSIDAD AUSTRAL DE CHILE. Canada, 1990

Experiencia Académica

  •   Profesor Titular Full Time

    Universidad Austral de Chile

    Ciencias

    Valdivia, Chile

    1981 - A la fecha

Experiencia Profesional

  •   Profesor Titular Full Time

    Universidad Austral de Chile

    Valdivia, Chile

    1981 - A la fecha


 

Article (129)

Effect of environmental history on the habitat-forming kelp Macrocystis pyrifera responses to ocean acidification and warming: a physiological and molecular approach
Estuarine conditions more than pH modulate the physiological flexibility of mussel Perumytilus purpuratus populations
Freshening effect on the osmotic response of the Antarctic spiny plunderfish Harpagifer antarcticus
Minimal impact at current environmental concentrations of microplastics on energy balance and physiological rates of the giant mussel Choromytilus chorus
Warming and freshening activate the transcription of genes involved in the cellular stress response in Harpagifer antarcticus
Early development and metabolic rate of the sea louse Caligus rogercresseyi under different scenarios of temperature and pCO(2)
Evaluating the effects of ocean warming and freshening on the physiological energetics and transcriptomic response of the Antarctic limpet Nacella concinna
Plastic response of the oyster Ostrea chilensis to temperature and pCO(2)within the present natural range of variability
Early life stage bottlenecks of carnivorous molluscs under captivity: a challenge for their farming and contribution to seafood production
Reproductive biology of the encapsulating, brooding gastropod Crepipatella dilatata Lamarck (Gastropoda, Calyptraeidae)
Subantarctic and Antarctic Marine Ecosystems: outlining patterns and processes in a changing ocean
The effect of alterations in salinity and temperature on neuroendocrine responses of the Antarctic fish Harpagifer antarcticus
Trophic transfer of paralytic shellfish toxin (PST): Physiological and reproductive effects in the carnivorous gastropod Acanthina monodon (Pallas, 1774)
The Antarctic fish Harpagifer antarcticus under current temperatures and salinities and future scenarios of climate change
Impact of low pH/high pCO2 on the physiological response and fatty acid content in diatom Skeletonema pseudocostatum.
Plasticity and inter-population variability in physiological and life-history traits of the mussel Mytilus chilensis=> A reciprocal transplant experiment.
Spatio-temporal environmental variation mediates geographical differences in phenotypic responses to ocean acidification.
Ocean acidification induces changes in algal palatability and herbicore feeding behavior and performance.
Ocean warming and elevated carbon dioxide=> Multiple stressor impacts on juvenile mussels from southern Chile.
Ontogenetic variability in the feeding behavior of a marine amphipod in response to ocean acidification.
Physiological Constraints in Juvenile Ostrea chilensis Fed the Toxic Dinoflagellate Alexandrium catenella
Physiological constraints in juvenile Ostrea chilensis fed the toxic dinoflagellate Alexandrium catenella.
Post-metamorphic impact of brief hyposaline stress on recently hatched veligers of the gastropod Crepipatella peruviana
Pre-ingestive selection efficiency in two populations of the razor clam Tagelus dombeii with different histories of exposure to paralytic shellfish poisoning (PSP)
The cost of brooding in an estuary=> implications of declining salinity for gastropod females and their brooded embryos.
CO2-driven ocean acidification disrupts the filter feeding behavior in Chilean gastropodand bivalve species from different geographical localities.
Combined effects of temperature and ocean acidification on the juvenile individuals of the mussel Mytilus chilensis
Combined effects of temperature and ocean acidification on the juvenile individuals of the mussel Mytilus chilensis
Contrasting Physiological responses of two populations of the razor clam Tagelus dombeii with different histories of exposure to paralytic shefish poisoning (PSP).
Delayed effects of severe hypoxia experienced by marine gastropod embryos.
Differential response to ocean acidification in physiological traits of Concholepas concholepas populations.
Effects of ocean acidification on larval development and early post-hatching traits in Concholepas concholepas (loco)
Feeding and intoxication-detoxification dynamics in two populations of the mussel Mytilus chilensis (Hupé, 1854) with different histories of exposure to paralytic shellfish poisoning (PSP).
Intraspecific Variability in the Response of the Edible Mussel Mytilus chilensis (Hupe) to Ocean Acidification
Intraspecific Variability in the Response of the Edible Mussel Mytilus chilensis (Hupe) to Ocean Acidification
Intraspecific variability in the response of the edible mussel Mytilus chilensis (Hupe) to Ocean Acidification.
Ocean acidification affects predator avoidance behaviour but not prey detection in the early ontogeny of a keystone species.
Variable feeding behavior in Orchestoidea tuberculata (Nicolet 1849): Exploring the relative importance of macroalgal traits
Variable feeding behavior in Orchestoidea tuberculata (Nicolet 1849): Exploring the relative importance of macroalgal traits.
Variable feeding behavior in Orchestoidea tuberculata (Nicolet 1849)=> Exploring the relative importance of macroalgal traits
CO2-driven ocean acidification reduces larval feeding efficiency and change food selectivity in the mollusk Concholepas concholepas
Combined effects of temperature and Ocean acidification on the juvenile individuals of the mussel Mytilus chilensis.
Comparison of the physiological energetics between Mytilus chilensis, Mytilus galloprovincialis and their hybrids, under laboratory conditions
Enzymatic digestive activity and absorption efficiency in Tagelus dombeii upon Alexandrium catenella exposure.
Evaluation of a semi-automatic system for long-term seawater carbonate chemistry manipulation
Evaluation of a semi-automatic system for long-term seawater carbonate chemistry manipulation.
Impact of medium-term exposure to elevated pCO(2) levels on the physiological energetics of the mussel Mytilus chilensis
Impact of medium-term exposure to elevated pCO2 levels on the physiological energetics of the mussel Mytilus chilensis
Low-pH freshwater discharges drive spatial and temporal variations in life history traits of neritic 
copepod Acartia tonsa
Ocean acidification disrupts prey responses to predator cues but not net prey shell growth in Concholepas concholepas (loco)
Allometric relationships in feeding and digestion in the Chilean mytilids Mytilus chilensis (Hupe), Choromytilus chorus (Molina) and Aulacomya ater (Molina): A comparative study
Allometric relationships in feeding and digestión in the Chilean mytilids Mytilus chilensis, Choromytilus choros and Aulacomya ater: a comparative study.
Comparison of the physiological energetic between Mytilus chilensis, Mytilus galloprovincialis and their hybrids, under laboratory conditions.
Distribución vertical de la macroinfauna asociada a bivalvos en una planicie intermareal sedimentaria del sur de Chile.
Molecular detection and species identification of Alexandrium (Dinophyceae) causing harmful algal blooms along the Chilean coastline
Molecular detection and species identification of Alexandrium (Dinophyceae) causing harmful algal blooms along the Chilean coastline
Molecular detection and species identification of Alexandrium (Dinophyceae) causing harmful algal blooms along the Chilean coastline.
Particle sorting and formation and elimination of pseudofaeces in the bivalves Mulinia edulis (siphonate) and Mytilus chilensis (asiphonate)
Particle sorting and formation and elimination of pseudofaeces in the bivalves Mulinia edulis (siphonate) and Mytilus chilensis (asiphonate).
Vertical distribution of the macroinfauna associated to bivalves in a sedimentary intertidal flat of southern Chile [Distribución vertical de la macroinfauna asociada a bivalvos en una planicie intermareal sedimentaria del sur de Chile]
Ammonia accumulation in the brood chamber of the estuarine gastropod Crepipatella dilatata: How big a problem for mothers and brooded embryos?
Dynamic of intoxication and detoxification in juveniles of Mytilus chilensis (Bivalvia: Mytilidae) exposed to paralytic shellfish toxins
Filtering capacity and endoscopic análisis of sympatric infaunal and epifaunal bivalves of the southern Chile
Intra-plant differences in seaweed nutritional quality and chemical defenses: importance for the feeding behaviour of the intertidal amphipod Orchestoidea tuberculata
An integrative response by Mytilus chilensis to the toxic dinoflagellate Alexandrium catenella.
Feeding preferences of the sandhopper Orchestoidea tuberculata: the importance of algal traits
Brood chamber isolation during salinity stress in two estuarine mollusk species: from a protective nursery to a dangerous prison.
Importancia del subsidio de macroalgas sobre la abundancia y biología poblacional del anfípodo Orchestoidea tuberculata (Nicolet) en playas arenosas del centro sur de Chile
Importancia del subsidio de macroalgas sobre la abundancia y biología poblacional del anfípodo Orchestoidea tuberculata (Nicolet) en playas arenosas del centro sur de Chile.
Feeding behavior of the infaunal bivalve Tagelus dombeii (Lamarck, 1818). Suspension vs. deposit feeding
Short-term feeding response of the mussel Mytilus chilensis exposed to diets containing the toxic dinoflagellate Alexandrium catenella.
The effect of salinity on clearance rate in the suspension-feeding estuarine gastropod Crepidula dilatata under natural and controlled conditions.
Trophic interactions between the toxic dinoflagellate Alexandrium catenella and Mytilus chilensis: Feeding and digestive behavior to long-term exposure
Variations in the quantity and composition of seston from an estuary in southern Chile on different temporal scales.
Influence of current speed on clearance rate, algal cell depletion in the water column and resuspension of biodeposits of cockles (Cerastoderma edule).
A thin-layer chromatography (tlc)-densitometry assay for intracellular lipase activity in bivalves (Argopecten purpuratus).
Biochemical composition and tissue weight of chorus giganteus (gastropoda: muricidae) exposed to different diets and temperatures during reproductive conditioning.
Differential absorption of biochemical components by the scallop Argopecten purpuratus exponed to different salinities and food concentrations.
Scope for growth vs actual growth in the juvenile predatory gastropod Chorus giganteus.
Temperature as a factor regulating growth and toxin content in the dinoflagellate Alexandrium catenella.
Enzymatic and feeding behaviour of Argopecten purpuratus under variation in salinity and food supply.
Feeding physiology of two bivalves under laboratory and field conditions in response variable food concentrations.
Organic pollutant burden of the giant mussels Choromytilus chorus from the south-central Chilean coast.
Short-term feeding response of the scallop Argopecten purpuratus exposed to two different diets.
The effect of food supply on feeding strategy in sessile female gastropods Crepidula fecunda.
Comparison of two Methods for Measuring Filtration Rate in Filter Feeding Bivalves.
Effect of three conditioning diets on the fatty acid composition of gonads and muscle of Argopecten purpuratus.
Energetic balance of infaunal (Mulinia edulis King, 1831) and epifaunal (Mytilus chilensis Hupé, 1854) bivalves in response to wide variations in concentration and quality of seston.
Feeding behavior and differential absorption of biochemical components by the infaunal bivalve Mulinia edulis and the epibenthic Mytilus chilensis in response to changes in food regimes.
Feeding physiology of infaunal (Mulinia edulis) and epifaunal (Mytilus chilensis) bivalves under a wide range of concentration and quality of seston.
Relationship between bioenergetics responses and organic pollutants in the giant mussel, Choromytilus chorus, (Mollusca:Mytilidae).
Use of clearance rate in Choromytilus chorus (Bivalvia: Mytilidae) as a non-destructive biomarker of aquatic pollution.
Effects of lipid emulsions and temperature on the hatchery performance of Chilean Scallop Argopecten purpuratus (Lamarck 1819) larvae.
Enzymatic digestive activity in epifaunal (Mytilus chilensis) and infaunal (Mulinia edulis) bivalves in response to changes in food regimes in a natural environment.
Grazing-filtration as feeding mechanisms in motile specimens of Crepidula fecunda (Gastropoda: Calyptraeidae).
Influence of diet and temperature on physiological energetics of Chorus giganteus (Gastropoda: Muricidae) during reproductive conditioning.
Effects of environmental variables on burial depth of two infaunal bivalves inhaniting a tidal flat in southern Chile.
Enzymatic digestive activity in Mytilus chilensis (Hupé 1854) in response to food regimes and past feeding history.
Genetic variation and population structure in the marine snail Chorus giganteus (Gastropod: Muricidae), an overexploited endemic resource from Chile.
Patterns of shell penetration by Chorus giganteus juveniles (gastropoda:muricidae) on the mussel Semimytilus algosus.
The effects of environmental factors on the biochemical composition of the bivalve Tagelus dombeii (Lamarck, 1818) (Tellinacea: solecurtidae) from the intertidal flat of Coihuín, Puerto Montt, Chile.
Effects of sessile Protozoa on intracapsular oxygen tension and embryonic shell calcification in the muricid Chorus giganteus.
Interactive effects of diet and temperature on the scope for growth of the scallop Argopecten purpuratus during reproductive conditioning.
Neural extract induction of egg-laying and subsequent embryological development in hard and soft egg capsules of the marine snail, Chorus giganteus
Neural extract induction of egg-laying and subsequent embryological development in hard and soft egg capsules of the marine snail, Chorus giganteus.
Desarrollo intracapsular y mecanismos de eclosión del caracol trumulco Chorus giganteus (Lesson, 1829) (Gastropoda: Muricidae) bajo condiciones de laboratorio.
Physiological responses of the chilean scallop Argopecten purpuratus to decreasing salinities.
Biodeposition by the horse mussel Modiolus modiolus (Dillwyn) during the spring diatom bloom.
Feeding physiology of Cerastoderma edule (L.) in response to a wide range of seston concentrations.
Reproductive cycle and cohort formation of Venus antiqua (Bivalvia:Veneridae) in the intertidal zone of southern Chile.
Physiological energetics of the horse mussel Modiolus modiolus in a sub-arctic environment. Seasonal fluctuations in the partitioning of the energy.
Desarrollo larval de Amphiascopsis cinctus Claus, 1866 (Harpacticoida: Diosaccidae) y Laophonte parvula Sars, 1908. (Harpacticoida: Laophontidae).
Fisiología energética de Concholepas concholepas (Bruguiere, 1789) en la bahía de Yaldad, Sur de Chile.
Reproductive cycle of the chilean ribbed mussel Aulacomya ater.
Seasonal fluctuations in the size spectra, biochemical composition and nutritive value of the seston available to a suspension-feeding bivalve in a subarctic environment.
Comparison and evaluation of different techniques for measuring absorption efficiency in suspension feeders.
Copépodos harpacticoideos de las comunidades de Venus antiqua y Mulinia sp. en la planicie mareal de Yaldad, Quellón, Chiloé.
Evaluación de la oferta alimentaria natural disponible a organismos filtradores de la bahía de Yaldad (43º08; 73º44´), Sur de Chile
Population dynamics of Venus antiqua (Bivalvia: Veneracea) in the bahía de Yaldad, Isla de Chiloé, Southern Chile.
Seasonal variation in oxygen uptake and ammonia excretion in the predatory gastropod Concholepas concholepas (Bruguiere, 1789) in the south of Chile.
Biochemical composition and nutritive value of suspended particulate matter over a tidal flat of Southern Chile.
The effects of salinity on the physiological ecology of Choromytilus chorus (Molina, 1782) (Bivalvia:Mytilidae).
Quempillen estuary, an experimental oyster cultivation station (Ostrea chilensis) in southern Chile. V. Laboratory experiments on the energy balance in the chilean flat oyster.
Recent developments status and prospects of molluscan aquaculture on Pacific coast of South America.
Ingestion rate, assimilation efficiency and energy balance in Mytilus chilensis in relation to body size and different algal concentration.
The association between Mytilus chilensis Hupé (Bivalvia, Mytilidae) and Edotea magellanica Cunningham (Isopoda, Valvifera) in Southern Chile.
Actividad locomotriz de Orchestoidea tuberculata (Amphipoda, Talitridae) sobre la superficie de una playa arenosa del sur de Chile (Mehuín, Provincia de Valdivia).
Peces litorales de los archipielagos de Chiloé y Los Chonos, Chile
Feeding and digestive response of Argopecten purpuratus to short-term variation in food quality and quantity.

Proyecto (26)

Al rescate de la ostra nativa Chilena (Ostrea chilensis)=> generación de líneas mejoradas genéticamente para potenciar el crecimiento y capacidad de detoxificación con VPM (Marea Roja paralítica).
MULTISTRESSOR IMPACTS OF OCEAN WARMING AND ACIDIFICATION ON THE CHILEAN OYSTER (OSTREA CHILENSIS)=> QUANTIFYING THE PHYSIOLOGY, REPRODUCTION AND CALCIFICATION.
Centro de investigación=> Dinámica de Ecosistemas Marinos de Altas Latitudes (IDEAL)
RED MULTIDISCIPLINARIA PARA EL DESARROLLO DE LA LARVICULTURA MARINA DE ESPECIES CON CICLOS DE VIDA COMPLEJOS.
Hatching process in brooding molluscs=> more complex that thougth before
Evaluación de los factores limitantes en el desarrollo de cultivos de mitílidos, para análisis de capacidad de carga, X Región de Los Lagos (Segunda Etapa).. Co-Investigador
Evaluación de los factores limitantes en el desarrollo de cultivos de mitílidos, para análisis de capacidad de carga, X Región de Los Lagos (Primera Etapa).
PSP toxins effects on the physiology and reproduction of two species of molluscs with different feeding habits and reproductive modes=> The filter feeder Ostrea chilensis (incubator) and the carnivore Chorus giganteus (Laying egg capsules)
“ Delayed impacto of isolation during brooding on hatching and early juvenile fitness in Crepipatella dilatata monitoring latent effects in a direct developing estuarine gastropod”.
Acidificación de los océanos en un futuro cercano y sus efectos sobre los recursos marinos. Variación latitudinal y el ingreso de aportes de agua dulce
“Variación intra e inter-específica de la fisiología energética y digestiva en bivalvos marinos con diferente historial de exposición al dinoflagelado tóxico Alexandrium catenella”.
“Cavidad incubatoria en los moluscos estuarinos Crepidula dilatata y Ostrea chilensis=> Cambio de un ambiente protector a peligroso?”.
Respuesta Alimentaria y digestiva en mejillones de Galicia y Chile afectados por dinoflagelados toxicos
Fisiología de la alimentación y de la digestión del ostión Argopecten purpuratus en respuesta a cambios en la concentración y calidad del alimento.
Proyecto de Cooperación Internacional (Chile - Inglaterra, Dr. J. Widdows, PML). Enero 2004.
Proyecto de Cooperación Internacional (Chile – Canadá, Dr. R. Thompson, OSC). Enero 2004
Respuesta Fisiológica/energética de los bivalvos Mulinia edulis y Mytilus chilensis y del gastrópodo carnívoro Xanthochorus cassidiformis frente a la presencia del dinoflagelado tóxico Alexandrium catenella”.
Fisiología energético-reproductiva de Crepidula dilatata y su relación con los ciclos mareales de un estuario
Fisiología energética y digestiva de bivalvos mitilidos en cultivo en batea e intermareal
Fisiología de la alimentación y endoscopía de los mecanismos de selección de partículas en los bivalvos Mytilus chilensis y Mulinia sp.
Desarrollo Científico-Tecnológico de la larvicultura de invertebrados marinos 1999 - 2002
Fisiología Energética y digestiva de bivalvos mitílidos en cultivo en batea e intermareal
Ecofisiología Reproductiva en Crepidula fecunda.
Mollusc Aquaculture Enhancement in Chile
Fisiología de la Reproducción en Moluscos. Proyecto FONDAP-CONICYT, Subprograma Invertebrados.
Alimentación suspensívora - detritívora en bivalvos de la infauna=> una estrategia dual para optimizar el aprovechamiento de la oferta alimentaria.
28
Jorge Navarro

Profesor Titular

UNIVERSIDAD AUSTRAL DE CHILE

Valdivia, Chile

6
Marco Lardies

DIRECTOR

CIENCIAS

UNIVERSIDAD ADOLFO IBAÑEZ

Santiago, Chile

5
Cristian Duarte

Académico

Ecologia y Biodiversidad

Universidad Andres Bello

Santiago, Chile

5
Nelson Lagos

Director

Facultad de Ciencias

UNIVERSIDAD SANTO TOMÁS

Santiago, Chile

5
Luis Vargas

Full Professor

Universidad Austral de Chile

Valdivia, Chile

4
Rodrigo Torres

Investigador residente / Coordinador Sistemas Acuaticos

Marine Ecosystem

CIEP

Coyhaique, Chile

3
Jorge Toro

Full Professor

Instituto de Ciencias Marinas y Limnológicas

UNIVERSIDAD AUSTRAL DE CHILE

Valdivia, Chile

3
Eduardo Jaramillo

Profesor Titular

Facultad de Ciencias

UNIVERSIDAD AUSTRAL DE CHILE

Valdivia, Chile

3
Kurt Paschke

profesor titular

Instituto de Acuicultura

UNIVERSIDAD AUSTRAL DE CHILE

Puerto Montt, Chile

3
Paola Andrade

Profesor part-time

Departamento de Ecología

Universidad Católica de la Santisima Concepción

Concepcion, Chile

3
victor aguilera

Investigador

MAR

Centro de Estudios Avanzados en Zonas Aridas

Coquimbo, Chile

2
Marcela Astorga

Full Professor (Profesor Titular)

UNIVERSIDAD AUSTRAL DE CHILE

Puerto Montt, Chile

2
Iván Gómez

Profesor Titular

Instituto de Ciencias Marinas y Limnológicas

UNIVERSIDAD AUSTRAL DE CHIE

Valdivia, Chile

1
Jaime Figueroa

Profesor Titular

Bioquimica y Microbiologia

UNIVERSIDAD AUSTRAL DE CHILE

Valdivia, Chile

1
Cristian Vargas

Profesor Titular

Departamento de Sistemas Acuáticos

Facultad de Ciencias Ambientales, Universidad de Concepción

Concepción, Chile

1
Jose Iriarte

Academico

Universidad Austral de Chile

Puerto Montt, Chile

1
Alex Romero

Profesor Asociado

Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias

UNIVERSIDAD AUSTRAL DE CHILE

Valdivia, Chile

1
carlos molinet

ACADEMICO

INSTITUTO DE ACUICULTURA

UNIVERSIDAD AUSTRAL DE CHILE

Puerto Montt, Chile

1
Ana Farias

académico

Instituto de Acuicultura

UNIVERSIDAD AUSTRAL DE CHILE

Puerto Montt, Chile

1
Iker Uriarte

Académico Profesor Titular

Instituto de Acuicultura

UNIVERSIDAD AUSTRAL DE CHILE

Puerto Montt, Chile

1
Ignacio Moreno

Full Professor

Facultad de Ciencias

Universidad Austral de Chile

Valdivia, Chile

1
José Muñoz

investigador, academico

CENTRO I-MAR, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS LAGOS

Puerto Montt, Chile

1
Leyla Cardenas

full professor

Instituto de ciencias ambientales y evolutivas

Universidad Austral de Chile

valdivia, Chile

1
Humberto González

Professor

Institute of Marine and Limnological Sciences

UNIVERSIDAD AUSTRAL DE CHILE

Valdivia, Chile

1
Victor Martinez

PROFESRO ASOCIADO

DPTO. FOMENTO DE LA PRODUCCION ANIMAL

UNIVERSIDAD DE CHILE

Santiago, Chile

1
ANA JEDLICKI

Lab Manager

Medicina Preventiva

Universidad de Chile

Santiago, Chile

1
Paulina Gebauer

UNIV. DE LOS LAGOS. CENTRO I-MAR

Puerto Montt, Chile

1
Edgardo Cruces

Investigador

Vicerrectoría de Investigación y Postgrado

Universidad de Atacama

Copiapo, Chile

1
Mauricio Urbina

Professor asistente

Zoología

Universidad de Concepcion

Concepcion, Chile

1
Pablo Oyarzún

Profesor investigador

Centro de investigaciones Marinas Quintay (CIMARQ)

Universidad Andrés Bello

Viña del Mar, Chile

1
Pablo Gallardo

Director

Ciencias Agropecuarias y Acuícolas

Universidad de Magallanes

Punta Arenas, Chile

1
Pamela Fernandez

Postdoc researcher

Centro i-mar, Universidad de Los Lagos

Puerto Montt, Chile

1
Bernardo Broitman

Full Professor

Departamento de Ciencias

Universidad Adolfo Ibánez

Viña del Mar, Chile

1
Laura Ramajo

Full Researcher

Centro de Estudios Avanzados en Zonas Aridas

Coquimbo, Chile

1
CLAUDIO WEVAR

Investigador Asociado

Instituto de Ciencias Marinas y Limnológicas (ICML)

Universidad Austral de Chile, Laboratorio de Genómica y Ecología Molecular Antártica y Sub-Antártica

Valdivia, Chile