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Alejandro Heriberto Buschmann Rubio

FULL PROFESSOR

UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS LAGOS

PUERTO MONTT, Chile

Líneas de Investigación


Alejandro Buschmann main research lines include coastal ecology focusing on the role of seaweeds, physiology, ecology, cultivation and management, as well as the development of sustainable aquaculture practices (IMTA).

Educación

  •  MARINE BIOLOGIST, UNIVERSIDAD DE CONCEPCION. Chile, 1983
  •  MARINE BIOLOGIST, UNIVERSIDAD DE CONCEPCION. Chile, 1982
  •  ECOLOGY, PONTIFICIA UNIVERSIDAD CATOLICA DE CHILE. Chile, 1995

Experiencia Académica

  •   PROFESSOR Full Time

    UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS LAGOS

    PUERTO MONTT, Chile

    1986 - A la fecha

  •   PROFESSOR

    UNIVERSIDAD DE LA LAGUNA

    España

    1996 - 1996

  •   Instructor Part Time

    PONTIFICIA UNIVERSIDAD CATOLICA DE CHILE

    Biology

    Santiago, Chile

    1986 - 1986

Experiencia Profesional

  •   Board director Other

    Consortium Bal Biofuel

    Puerto Montt, Chile

    2010 - A la fecha

Formación de Capital Humano


Undergraduate thesis (Include Marine Biology, Acuaculture Engineering, Food Science Engineering, Education in Biology, Biotecnology): 36
Master science Thesis: 5 finished (3 in development)
Co-tutorial Master science thesis: 1
PHD students (graduados):2
1. 2017-2019. Sara Usandizaga. "Productividad de poblaciones de Agarophyton chilensis: importancia de factores genéticos y/o ambientales". Programa doctorado en Ciencias, mención Manejo y conservación de Recursos Naturales, Universidad de Los Lagos.
2. 2017-2019. July Florez. "Comunidades Bacterianas epífitas de Macrocystis: efecto del nitrógeno sobre la interacción bacteria:kelp." Programa doctorado en Ciencias, mención Manejo y conservación de Recursos Naturales, Universidad de Los Lagos.

Cotutorial de PhD Tesis de Doctorado: 3 (1 in development)


Difusión y Transferencia


Outreach Papers:
López, D.A. & A.H. Buschmann, 1990. Investigación y Medio Ambiente en el Sector Pesquero. CIPMA, Serie de Documentos, Santiago, 3: 154-174.
López, D.A. & A.H. Buschmann 1991. Acuicultura: beneficios y riesgos de una actividad que se expande. Ambiente y Desarrollo 7(1): 109-115
Buschmann, A.H., D.A. López & A.F. Medina 1993. Nuevas tendencias en la acuicultura: costos y tecnologías para minimizar el impacto ambiental. Ambiente y Desarrollo 9(1):71-75.
Buschmann, A.H., D.A. López, M. Troell & N. Kautsky, 1997. El caso de la acuicultura en Chile: Evaluación de la internalización de los costos ambientales. Ambiente y Desarrollo, 13: 79-83.
Buschmann, A.H., M.C. Hernández-González, G. Aroca & A. Gutierrez, 2001. Seaweed farming in Chile: a review. Global Aquaculture Advocate 4: 68-69
Buschmann, A. & C. Astudillo. 2001. Impacto Ambiental de la Acuicultura. El Estado De La Investigación En Chile Y El Mundo. Terram Publicaciones. Santiago de Chile. 67 pp.
M. C. Hernández-González, Buschmann A., G. Aroca & R. Espinoza. 2004. Algas nativas de interés comercial en el sur de Chile: Identificación, localización y manejo sustentable. Monográfico. 17 pp
Buschmann, A. & C. Astudillo. 2004. Pesca de Arrastre, arrasando la vida marina. Oceana. Santiago de Chile. 16 pp.
Buschmann A & María C. Hernández-González. 2005. "Las Algas Marinas: El sendero desde su biología hasta sus aplicaciones". En: Chile País Oceánico. Ocho Libro Editores. Santiago de Chile. 245-250
Troell, M., A. Neori, t. Chopin & A. H. Buschmann. 2005. Biological wastewater treatament in aquaculture. World Aquaculture. 36: 27-29
Buschmann, A, M.C. Hernández-González, C. Astudillo, Lucía de la Fuente, A. Gutiérrez & G. Aroca. 2005. Seaweed Cultivation, Product Development and Integrated Aquaculture Studies in Chile. World Aquaculture 36 (3): 51-53.
Buschmann, A.H., R. Flores, V. Almanza, M.C. Hernández-González 2009. Mussels,scallops, lead Chile´s mollusk industry. Glogal Aquaculture Advocate (Mai issue).
Chopin, T, Troell, M., Reid, G.K., Knowler, D., Robinson, S.M.C., Neori, A. Buschmann A.H. & Pang, S., 2010. Integrated multi-trophic aquaculture. Part I. Responsible practices provides diversified products, biomitigation. Global Aquaculture Advocate, (September/October issue), pp. 38-39.
Chopin, T., Troell, M., Reid, G.K., Knowler, D., Robinson, S.M.C., Neori,, Buschmann A.H. & Pang, S. 2010. Integrated multi-trophic aquaculture. Part II. Increasing IMTA adoption. Global Aquaculture Advocate, (November/December issue), pp. 17-20.
Chopin, T., A. Neori, A. Buschmann, S. Pang, M. Sawhney. 2011. Diversification of the Aquaculture Sector. Seaweed cultivation, Integrated Multi-trophic Aquaculture, Integrated Sequential Bioirefineries. Global Aquaculture Advocate (july/August issue), pp. 58-60.
Camus, C. & A.H. Buschmann. 2017. Aquaculture in Chile: What about seaweed? World Aquaculture, March 40-42.

Books
Buschmann, A.H. & A.A. Pérez Matus 2003. Sustentabilidad e Incertidumbre de las Principales Pesquerías Chilenas. Oceana, Santiago de Chile, 113 pp.

Tranfer (present)
Member of the Standard Oversight Committee of the Global Aquaculture Allinace (US). Technical committe to establish best environmental aquaculture practices ( starting 2011)
Head of the Applied Phycology Committe of the American Phycological Association (US). Technical committeee to enhance knowledge transfer and outreach to the society of algal uses and applications (starting 2011).
Seaweed Aquaculture Technology Transfer; General Electric, Healtcare department, BioProcess Media R&D Life Sciences, Uppsalla, Sweden
Directory board member and president of the Interantional Seaweed Association (member 2010-2019; presidency (2012-2016)


Premios y Distinciones

  •   SILVER JUBILEE AWARD FOR SCIENTIFIC ACHIEVEMENTS

    INTERNATIONAL FOUNDATION FOR SCIENCE IFS-SWEDEN

    Suecia, 1998

    POR FAVOR, AGREGAR INFORMACIÓN

  •   CORRESPONDEN MEMBER

    ACADEMIA CHILENA DE CIENCIAS

    Chile, 2007

    POR FAVOR, AGREGAR UNA DESCRIPCION

  •   Honor en Scientia Marina

    Sociedad Chilena de Ciencias del Mar

    Chile, 2018

    Premio “Honor en Scientia Marina” entregado por la Sociedad Chilena de Ciencias del Mar en reconocimiento a sus logros científicos a las Ciencias del Mar.


 

Article (63)

An introduction to farming and biomass utilisation of marine macroalgae
Effect of temperature variation in Agarophyton chilensis: contrasting the response of natural and farmed populations
Hydrothermal synthesis, characterization and seed germination effects of green-emitting graphene oxide-carbon dot composite using brown macroalgal bio-oil as precursor
Revisiting the economic profitability of giant kelp Macrocystis pyrifera (Ochrophyta) cultivation in Chile
Toward a Coordinated Global Observing System for Seagrasses and Marine Macroalgae
Antimicrobial resistance in Chile and The One Health paradigm: Dealing with threats to human and veterinary health resulting from antimicrobial use in salmon aquaculture and the clinic
Assessment of genetic and phenotypic diversity of the giant kelp, Macrocystis pyrifera, to support breeding programs
Insights into the diversity and metabolic function of bacterial communities in sediments from Chilean salmon aquaculture sites
Nutrients, but not genetic diversity, affect Gracilaria chilensis (Rhodophyta) farming productivity and physiological responses
Photosynthesis and nitrogen uptake of the giant kelp Macrocystis pyrifera (Ochrophyta) grown close to salmon farms
Plasmid-Mediated Quinolone Resistance (PMQR) Genes and Class 1 Integrons in Quinolone-Resistant Marine Bacteria and Clinical Isolates of Escherichia coli from an Aquacultural Area
The seaweed resources of Chile over the period 2006-2016: moving from gatherers to cultivators
Unpacking factors influencing antimicrobial use in global aquaculture and their implication for management: a review from a systems perspective
Effects of light, temperature and stocking density on Halopteris scoparia growth
Macrocystis pyrifera aquafarming: Production optimization of rope-seeded juvenile sporophytes
Macromolecular antioxidants and dietary fiber in edible seaweeds
Seaweed production: overview of the global state of exploitation, farming and emerging research activity
Aquaculture as yet another environmental gateway to the development and globalisation of antimicrobial resistance
Global patterns of kelp forest change over the past half-century
Hurd, C. L., Harrison, P. J., Bischof, K. & Lobban, C. S. 2014. Seaweed Ecology and Physiology. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 551 pp.
Identification and efficient extraction method of phlorotannins from the brown seaweed Macrocystis pyrifera using an orthogonal experimental design
Production and economic assessment of giant kelp Macrocystis pyrifera cultivation for abalone feed in the south of Chile
Analyzing redox balance in a synthetic yeast platform to improve utilization of brown macroalgae as feedstock
Coexistence in a subtidal habitat in southern Chile: The effects of giant kelp Macrocystis pyrifera overgrowth on the slipper limpet Crepipatella fecunda
Ecophysiological plasticity of anual populations of giant kelp (Macrocystis pyrífera) in a seasonally variable coastal Environment in the Northern Patagonian Inner Sears of southern
Un análisis crítico sobre el uso de macroalgas como base para una acuicultura sustentable
A pilot-scale study of the vegetative propagation and suspended cultivation of the carrageenophyte alga Gigartina skottsbergii in southern Chile
Can giant kelp (Macrocystis pyrifera) forests enhance invertebrate recruitment in southern Chile?
Salmon Aquaculture and Antimicrobial Resistance in the Marine Environment
GRAZING ON GIANT KELP MICROSCOPIC PHASES AND THE RECRUITMENT SUCCESS OF ANNUAL POPULATIONS OF MACROCYSTIS PYRIFERA (LAMINARIALES, PHAEOPHYTA) IN SOUTHERN CHILE
IMTA with Gracilaria vermiculophylla: Productivity and nutrient removal performance of the seaweed in a land-based pilot scale system
Nitrogen uptake responses of Gracilaria vermiculophylla (Ohmi) Papenfuss under combined and single addition of nitrate and ammonium
Light acclimation strategies of three commercially important red algal species
Population dynamics and culture studies of the edible red alga Callophyllis variegata (Kallymeniaceae)
Traditional vs. Integrated Multi-Trophic Aquaculture of Gracilaria chilensis C. J. Bird, J. McLachlan & E. C. Oliveira: Productivity and physiological performance
Opportunities and challenges for the development of an integrated seaweed-based aquaculture activity in Chile: determining the physiological capabilities of Macrocystis and Gracilaria as biofilters
Residues of tetracycline and quinolones in wild fish living around a salmon aquaculture center in Chile
The need for a balanced ecosystem approach to blue aquaculture
Vegetative propagation of the carrageenophytic red alga Gigartina skottsbergii Setchell et Gardner: Indoor and field experiments
A review of the impacts of salmonid farming on marine coastal ecosystems in the southeast Pacific
Farming of the giant kelp Macrocystis pyrifera in southern Chile for development of novel food products
Long term variability in the structure of kelp communities in northern chile and the 1997-98 ENSO
Reproduction strategies of Macrocystis pyrifera (Phaeophyta) in Southern Chile: The importance of population dynamics
Comparison of spore inoculated and vegetative propagated cultivation methods of Gracilaria chilensis in an integrated seaweed and fish cage culture
Population biology of the subtidal kelps Macrocystis integrifolia and Lessonia trabeculata (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae) in an upwelling ecosystem of northern Chile: interannual variability and El Niño 1997-1998
Presence of sporophylls in floating kelp rafts of Macrocystis spp. (Phaeophyceae) along the Chilean Pacific Coast
Experimental indoor cultivation of the carrageenophytic red alga Gigartina skottsbergii
Integrated aquaculture: Rationale, evolution and state of the art emphasizing seaweed biofiltration in modern mariculture
The effect of water movement, temperature and salinity on abundance and reproductive patterns of Macrocystis spp. (Phaeophyta) at different latitudes in Chile
Variability in per capita oogonia and sporophyte production from giant kelp gametophytes (Macrocystis pyrifera, Phaeophyceae)
Integrated algal farming: A review
Mini-symposium on photobiology
Ecological engineering in aquaculture: Use of seaweeds for removing nutrients from intensive mariculture
Healing and regeneration responses in Gigartina skottsbergii (Rhodophyta, Gigartinales): Optimization of vegetative propagation for cultivation
Mariculture of red algae in Chile
Ceramialean epiphytism in an intertidal Gracilaria chilensis (Rhodophyta) bed in Southern Chile
Determinants of disease expression and survival of infected individual fronds in wild populations of Mazzaella laminarioides (Rhodophyta) in central and southern Chile
Herbivory-kelp interactions in Chilean subtidal communities: a review
Infectious disease of Mazzaella laminarioides (Rhodophyta): changes in infection prevalence and disease expression associated with latitude, season and within-site location
Infectious diseases of Mazzaella laminarioides (Rhodophyta): Changes in infection prevalence and disease expression associated with season, locality, and within-site location
Integrated marine cultivation of Gracilaria chilensis (Gracilariales, Rhodophyta) and salmon cages for reduced environmental impact and increased economic output
Intertidal cultivation of Gracilaria chilensis (Rhodophyta) in southern Chile: Long term invertebrate abundance patterns
A review of the environmental effects and alternative production strategies of marine aquaculture in Chile

Abstract (2)

GAZING INTO THE CRYSTAL BALL FOR AQUACULTURE DEVELOPMENT: WHAT IS IN THE GLOBAL FUTURE FOR INTEGRATED MULTI-TROPHIC AQUACULTURE (IMTA)?
RECENT DEVELOPMENTS IN THE LARGE SCALE OPEN WATER MARICULTURE OF SEAWEEDS AND THEIR UTILIZATION

BookSection (3)

Advances and Constraints of Seaweed Farming as a Basal Constituent for an Environmentally Sustainable Aquaculture Development in Chile
Challenges for Future Salmonid Farming
Production of bioethanol from brown algae.

BookWhole (1)

Algal Communities of a Wave-Protected Intertidal Rocky Shore in Southern Chile

ConferencePaper (5)

Recent advances in the understanding of the biological basis for Gigartina skottsbergii (Rhodophyta) cultivation in Chile
Agar yield and quality of Gracilaria chilensis (Gigartinales, Rhodophyta) in tank culture using fish effluents
An introduction to integrated farming and the use of seaweeds as biofilters
Gracilaria-Mytilus interaction on a commercial algal farm in Chile
Integrated tank cultivation of salmonids and Gracilaria chilensis (Gracilariales, Rhodophyta)

Editorial (1)

The 22nd International Seaweed Symposium: Academia meets industry

Review (10)

Overview of 3year precommercial seafarming of Macrocystispyrifera along the Chilean coast
A Functional Perspective Analysis of Macroalgae and Epiphytic Bacterial Community Interaction
PROSPECTS AND CHALLENGES FOR INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION OF SEAWEED BIOACTIVES
Antimicrobial use in aquaculture re-examined: its relevance to antimicrobial resistance and to animal and human health
Experiments on an integrated aquaculture system (seaweeds and marine fish) on the Red Sea coast of Saudi Arabia: efficiency comparison of two local seaweed species for nutrient biofiltration and production
Injudicious and excessive use of antibiotics: Public health and salmon aquaculture in Chile
Uso inadecuado y excesivo de antibióticos: Salud pública y salmonicultura en Chile
Ecological engineering in aquaculture - Potential for integrated multi-trophic aquaculture (IMTA) in marine offshore systems
Salmon aquaculture and coastal ecosystem health in Chile: Analysis of regulations, environmental impacts and bioremediation systems
Seaweed future cultivation in Chile: perspectives and challenges
91
Alejandro Buschmann

FULL PROFESSOR

UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS LAGOS

PUERTO MONTT, Chile

8
Juan Correa

Full Profesor

Ecology

Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile

Santiago, Chile

7
Daniel Varela

Investigador

Universidad de Los Lagos

Puerto Montt, Chile

6
Carolina Camus

Investigador

Centro i-mar

Universidad de Los Lagos

Puerto Montt, Chile

6
Luis Henríquez

Investigador Senior

Repoblación y Cultivo

Instituto de Fomento Pesquero

Puerto Montt, Chile

4
Juan Manuel Vega

Investigador Asociado

Biología Marina

Universidad Católica del Norte

Coquimbo, Chile

3
Luis Filun

Investigador/Profesor Asociado

Acuicultura y Recursos Agroalimentarios

Universidad de Los Lagos

Osorno, Chile

2
Gesica Aroca

Investigador

Universidad Arturo Prat

Puerto Montt, Chile

2
Sara Usandizaga

Asistente de investigación

Universidad de Los Lagos

Puerto Montt, Chile

1
Juan Asenjo

Professor

CHEMICAL AND BIOTECHNOLOGY ENGINEERING

University of Chile

SANTIAGO, Chile

1
Nelson Valdivia

Associate Professor

Universidad Austral de Chile

Valdivia, Chile

1
Alejandro Perez

Assistant Professor

Ecologia

Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile

El Tabo-Las Cruces, Chile

1
Pablo Leal

Investigador

Repoblacion y Cultivo

Instituto de Fomento Pesquero

Puerto Montt, Chile

1
Allison Leyton

Postdoctorado

Ingeniería

UNIVERSIDAD DE LA FRONTERA

Temuco, Chile

1
Pedro Murúa

Profesor asistente

Universidad Austral de Chile

Puerto Montt, Chile

1
RICARDO GUIÑEZ

Full Professor (PROFESOR TITULAR)

INSTITUTO DE CIENCIAS NATURALES ALEXANDER VON HUMBOLDT

UNIVERSIDAD DE ANTOFAGASTA

ANTOFAGASTA, Chile

1
Sylvain Faugeron

Profesor Asociado

ecologia

PONTIFICIA UNIVERSIDAD CATOLICA DE CHILE

Santiago, Chile

1
Barbara Andrews

FULL PROFESSOR

CHEMICAL ENGINEERING AND BIOTECHNOLOGY

UNIVERSIDAD DE CHILE

SANTIAGO, Chile

1
Alvaro Olivera

Principal Investigator and Assistant Professor

Chemical Engineering and Biotechnology

UNIVERSIDAD DE CHILE

Santiago, Chile

1
Maria Lienqueo

ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR

OF CHEMICAL AND BIOTECHNOLOGY ENGINEERING

UNIVERSIDAD DE CHILE

Santiago, Chile

1
Hilda Guti

UNIVERSIDAD DE LA FRONTERA

Temuco, Chile

1
Sebastian Boltana

Profesor Asociado

Occeanografia

Universidad de Concepcion

Concpecion, Chile

1
Cesar Gomez

Responsible for coordinating research projects between the Department and companies, universities and research institutions.

Department of Mining and Materials Engineering, Mineral Processing Group

McGill University

Montreal, Quebec, Canada

1
July Florez

Investigador

Ciencias Farmacéuticas

Universidad Católica del Norte

Antofagasta, Chile

1
Pamela Fernandez

Postdoc researcher

Centro i-mar, Universidad de Los Lagos

Puerto Montt, Chile

1
Viviana Almanza

Asistente investigación

Centro EULA, CHILE

UNIVERSIDAD DE CONCEPCIÓN

Concepción, Chile

1
Martin Thiel

Profesor Titular

Biologia Marina

Universidad Católica del Norte

Coquimbo, Chile

1
Erasmo Macaya

Profesor Asociado

Departamento de Oceanografía

UNIVERSIDAD DE CONCEPCIÓN

Concepción, Chile

1
Ivan Hinojosa

Profesor Asistente

Ecología

Universidad Católica de la Santisima Concepción

Concepcion, Chile